Ponds and outdoor water features are becoming very popular, and many people are looking at do-it-yourself ponds. A beautiful garden pond is easy to design and can be built in a weekend.

What Are The Choices For D-I-Y Ponds

When looking at the available choices for a D-I-Y pond, consider a few essential questions.

What area is available for the pond? Certain types of pond will require more space. Koi ponds for example, not only need to be deep, but they also need to be large enough to hold a minimum of 1000 gallons of water.

Another consideration is how many hours of sunlight the pond area receives. If your D-I-Y pond will mainly contain aquatic plants, it is important to locate your pond where it will receive maximum sunlight. Some plants require all day sun, while others will happily survive with as little as three to four hours a day.

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Design and shape

Once the area has been selected, design the shape of the pond by laying out  a garden hose or string or draw it on the ground with spray paint. One of the best ways to create a D-I-Y pond is to dig the area out and dig a shelf on the outside of the pond about a foot wide. The pond itself can gradually slope down; with shelves or terraces created every few feet. These terraces can be used to place containers of aquatic plants. The outside terrace is used to house the plumbing for the filtration and pump that is required in the pond.

Firestone pond liner 20 x 25 feet

Firestone pond liner 20 x 25 feet

Pond Liners

The pond will need a liner. These can be purchased at almost any home improvement store. There are even one piece pre-fabricated liners that can be laid into the ground. It is a good idea to place old blankets underneath the lining to help prevent it being punctured it when the water is put in. Rocks can be used to hold the liner down. Pots are needed to plant the aquatic and marginal plants incorporated into a pond. Floating plants do not need to be potted. Specific plants have different soil needs. Follow directions for planting the water plants for best results.

Pond Filters and Pumps

A filter and pump are two necessary items in D-I-Y ponds. This will help maintain the quality of the pond water, keeping plants and fish healthy. Without a filter and pump the pond will be invaded by algae. Plants will no longer thrive as oxygen is not being circulated throughout the pond.


d-i-y pondA feature such as a waterfall can also be added and may be able to use the existing pond pump. Home improvement stores carry easy to install waterfall kits.

To finish off the outside of the D-I-Y pond, place rocks and plants around the edge.